April 2, 1866

Proclamation by the President

The war Declared Ended.

….Therefore, I, Andrew Johnson, President of the United states, do hereby proclaim that the insurrection which heretofore existed in the States of Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Louisiana, Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, Texas and Florida, is at an end and henceforth to be so regarded….

April 5, 1866

We are informed that Mr. Martin Kimmel’s immense ice-house is packed full of the nicest kind of ice, sufficient to support the wants of all. His familiar wagons have already commenced their diurnal rounds, and it would be well for those who wish to become season customers to make application soon at the store, or hail the wagon.

April 5, 1866

The following is a letter of Lieutenant General Grant:

Headquarters of the Armies of the United States, Washington, D.C. April 2, ’66.

His Excellency, Andrew Johnson, President of the United States:

Sir: I would respectfully request that Bradley T. Johnson, late a General in the rebel army, be released from the bonds under which he is now held by the State of Maryland for the part he took in the battle of Gettysburg. As I understand, in 1863 B.T. Johnson was paroled under the convention between Generals Sherman and Johnston. At the time of his indictment he was in the State of Maryland by authority from these headquarters. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, Your obedient servant,

U.S. GRANT, Lieut. General.

April 20, 1866

The disgraceful scene in the Senate to-day, in which senator McDougall took the prominent part, is not unlikely to call for resolutions for his censure, if not his expulsion. He is, and has been for months, a confirmed drunkard, unfit to legislate for an intelligent community, or to occupy a place among respectable people. He is disgracing California every day he stays in the Senate. It is no uncommon thing for him to be most beastly drunk and totally incapacitated for doing anything towards taking care of himself and keeping passably decent. He seldom enters the Senate Chamber with a sober manner. His language is anything but chaste and elevated, it smacks of the tap-room and pot-house. We have formerly held California in high respect, but if she keeps such a contemptible man as her representative in the Senate we shall think her morals and taste are woefully corrupt.

Also April 20, 1866

Council Proceedings,

Thursday, April 19….

A petition, numerously signed, was also presented-and referred to the Committee on Public Improvements-praying for the passage of an ordinance to number the houses of Madison; to which was added, by the Council, an inquiry as to the propriety of changing the names of Main and Main Cross streets. The committee was instructed to report on these matters at the next meeting of the Board.

(The City Council also approved the creation of a Board of Health) Right here we deem it proper to refer to a nuisance of long standing, and concerning which frequent complaint is justly made: The stench arising from the rotten, half-stagnant waters of Crooked Creek, poisons the air, and has a great tendency to breed pestilence and disease. This is occasioned by the habit of throwing into the creek so many dead hogs, dogs, cats, etc., and also by its being made the receptacle of the refuse and offal from the soap and starch factories and the distillery. It is necessary that the city be placed in excellent sanitary condition throughout; otherwise disease may reach us, and carry death and desolation into the household. We therefore earnestly recommend to the Madison Board of Health, just appointed, that immediate steps be taken, to abate all cause for complaint in this regard.



Research conducted by the Lanier Mansion State Historic Site.