(Staff photo by Phyllis McLaughlin/pmclaughlin@madisoncourier.com)
(Staff photo by Phyllis McLaughlin/pmclaughlin@madisoncourier.com)
Three additional veterans of the Revolutionary War who settled in Jefferson County will be honored during a Patriot Grave Marking ceremony at Hebron Cemetery, 6968 N. Graham Road, by the Sons of the American Revolution.

The event, which starts at 10 a.m. Saturday, coincides with the annual House of Delegates meeting at the church for the Indiana Society of the SAR, hosted by the Clifty Creek Chapter.

Special granite markers were installed in front of the headstones for Arnold Custer, James Crawford and Thomas Jameson.



Thomas Jameson


Jameson, born Nov. 7, 1732, in York County, Pennsylvania, went on to become a planter in Northern Virginia and fought during the Indian Wars. He and his first wife, Jane Dicky, moved to Georgia, where they had four children – Samuel, John, Martha and William. After Jane died, he moved back to Virginia and married Hannah Taggart in 1764. They had nine children, including Catherine Jameson Perrin, a maternal great-great-great-grandmother of President Lyndon B. Johnson.

This fact was first published in the Indianapolis Star Magazine on Dec. 3, 1967, in the article “President Johnson’s Hoosier Ancestors,” by Everett A. German.

Jameson along with his eldest sons enlisted to fight in the Revolution. Thomas and son John participated in the Battle of Guilford Courthouse, North Carolina, a pivotal battle that caused significant British losses under Lt. Gen. Charles Cornwallis. It would be last major battle before Yorktown, after which Cornwallis surrendered to Gen. George Washington.

In the early 1800s, Jameson and his family moved to Jefferson County, according to “Jamesons in America,” by E.O. Jameson.



James Crawford

According to an autobiographical sketch of grandson Philamen V. Crawford, published in 1882, James Crawford was born in 1758 near James River, Virginia. He volunteered at the age of 16, serving three years in the war with the 10th Regiment of Botentourt County, Virginia, Continental line, according to the 1963 Roster of Ancestors from the Daughters of the American Revolution.

According to a page about the regiment on Rootsweb.com, during the three years Crawford served, the 10th Virginia fought in the Battle of Brandywine Sept. 11, 1777; the Battle of Germantown, Oct. 4, 1777; and the Battle of Monmouth Courthouse on June 28, 1778. Crawford likely left the service before the Siege of Charleston, South Carolina, in 1779, during which most of the regiment was captured by the British.

According to Philamen’s sketch, James and his wife, Rebecca Anderson, had three sons and five daughters. Philamen’s father was their third son, James Maxwell Crawford, born March 3, 1790, in Jared County, Kentucky. After many bloody encounters with local Native Americans, the elder James Crawford moved the family to Jefferson County, settling land about three miles from the original outskirts of the city of Madison.



Arnold Custer

According to the 1889 “Biographical and Historical Souvenir for the Counties of Clark, Crawford, Harrison, Floyd, Jefferson, Jennings, Scott and Washington,” Custer and three of his sons – James, Jesse and William – came to Jefferson County from Kentucky in 1814, two years before Indiana became a state. They cleared 4 acres of ground and built a log cabin on Mud Lick, then the northernmost settlement in the county along Michigan Road. A year later, they cleared ground in Jennings County for Col. John Vawter, who served in the War of 1812, and settled there.

Born in 1756 in Shenandoah Valley, Virginia, Custer married Elizabeth Schull or Scholl, whose sister-in-law was Levina Boone, Daniel Boone’s daughter. Little is known about Custer’s service as a private in the Virginia Troops, according to information collected by the John Paul Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution.

One of his grandsons was Albert Scott Custer, born in Bryantsburg in 1851 to Arnold Scott and Malinda J. New Custer. Albert Custer was a Madison High School educator who established the Custer Contest in 1912, an oratorical contest held each spring at Madison Consolidated High School to this day.