July 6, 1863

Washington, July 4, 2 a.m.

General Halleck:

The enemy opened at 1 p.m. from about 150 guns concentrated upon my left, continuing without intermission for about three hours, at the expiration of which time he assaulted my left and centre, twice being handsomely repulsed with severe loss to him, leaving in our hands nearly 3,000 prisoners; among the prisoners is Brig. Gen. Armstead and many colonels, and officers of lesser rank. The enemy left many dead upon the field , and a large number of wounded in our hands. Hancock and Brig. Gen. Gibbons were wounded. After the repelling of the assault, indications leading to the belief that the enemy might be withdrawing, an armed reconnaissance was pushed forward from the left, and the enemy was found in force. At the present hour all is quit. My cavalry have been engaged all day on both flanks of the enemy, harassing vigorously, attacking him with great success...the army is in fine spirits.

Signed, Geo. G. Meade,

Maj. Gen. Cam'd'g.

Note: This is General Meade's description of what became known as "Pickett's Charge" which occurred on the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg. General Armstead died on July 5, 1863.

July 7th, 1863

Vicksburg Unconditionally Surrendered!

Cairo, July 7

A dispatch boat has just arrived, which left Vicksburg at ten 0'clock on Sunday morning.

The passengers announce that Pemberton sent in a flag of truce on the morning of the 4th, offering to surrender if allowed to march his men out. Grant is reported to have replied that no man should leave except as a prisoner of war. Pemberton then, after consultation of commanders, surrendered. The above is perfectly reliable.

July 8th, 1863

Rejoicing Over the News

The glad tidings of the surrender of the garrison at Vicksburg to the Union forces was received in this city at 2 O'clock yesterday afternoon, and, together with the news of Lee's defeat, occasioned great rejoicing among our loyal population. In a short time after the intelligence was made public a grand salute was fired by the Western Artillery Co. from the foot of Broadway. Flags were displayed in various parts of the city, business was partially neglected, and other joyful demonstrations were made. At night there was a brilliant display of fireworks, bonfires, and a good time generally. Main Cross Street (Now Main Street) in the neighborhood of West Mulberry, was for about two hours crowded with excited men, women and children, who assembled for the purpose of witnessing the display and exchanging congratulations upon the glorious successes, which under Providence, have attended the national arms.

Note: The following articles are related to the famous "Morgan's Raid" of 1863.

July 11, 1863

Indianapolis, July 10

To Col. B.F. Mullen:

I have ordered troops to Madison, and will send a thousand guns with ammunition. Signed: O.P MORTON.

It is evident from this that the Governor expects to see the citizens, to the number of one thousand, organize themselves into companies at once. Certain information has reached these headquarters, that a large force of the enemy are in Indiana, and are endeavoring to escape by the way of Madison. The honor of the State, the lives and property of the citizens, alike demand at our hands the sacrifice of devoting a few days to military duty....

B.F. Mullen, Col. Com'd'g. Post.

July 14, 1863

It is reported this morning that Morgan - the swift, the ubiquitous - and the hurricane of marauders have careened to the eastward and, in all probability, are by this time on the borders of the State of Ohio. There, we doubt not, they will be met and exterminated.

Morgan is our enemy and we would gladly hear of his destruction, yet his activity, his tact, his indomitable courage compel our respect and admiration. He is one of that heroic type whose deeds are the theme of painter and bard; the beau-ideal of romantic misses - the bug-a-boo of screaming babies. We denounce the traitor, but we admire the gallant partisan.

Research conducted by the Jefferson County Civil War Roundtable.