September 14, 1863

Madison & Indianapolis R.R.

We had occasion a few days ago to pass over the Madison and Indianapolis Railroad, and were surprised to find so many evidences of its prosperity. The track is very smooth, and the road well ballasted.

The bridge destroyed by Morgan's men has been re-built and is now better than ever.

The Company is now re-building the culvert at Crooked creek at the foot of the plain. It is a magnificent piece of masonry. Mr. Smith, the President, and D.C. Branham, the Superintendant, have nobly vindicated their ability as railroad managers...Evansville journal.

Septmeber 26, 1863

Note: The Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 19-20, 1863, marked the end of a Union offensive in southeastern Tennessee and northwestern Georgia. It was the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater and involved the second highest number of casualties in the war following the Battle of Gettysburg. It was the first major battle of the war that was fought in Georgia.


Letter from Surgeon Mullen

Dear Friend:

...Nineteenth - Sunrise? All quiet, but the fact of their making the assault yesterday is evidence that a great battle is impending. They have been largely reinforced and will mass on us. Rosy (General Rosecrans) is ready - look out for one of the most terrible battles of the war.

Eight o'clock A.M. - The ball has opened in earnest. The cannonading is incessant along the whole line, and musketry is very heavy too.

Eleven o'clock A.M. - They are now massing on our left, and Rosey like a flash is putting Thomas against them. They made a feint on our right, but Rosy would not bite. Crittenden is having a hard time of it, but Thomas will sail in with him. Just now the whole earth is vibrating from fierce firing. Our Brigade - the 3rd - is much exposed, the shot and shell splintering the rocks all around us...

Four o'clock P.M. - One incessant roar of artillery and musketry. There is some fear that our left will be badly turned - if so, we are a badly whipped community. I can't believe it....We are fighting Longstreet and Hill. The enemy are thought to be one-third stronger than we are.

10 P.M. - The battle has just ceased for the night. This terminates one of the bloodiest day's work ever witnessed on this continent. We are surrounded by the dead and wounded. Van Cleve's division fought like tigers against quadruple their numbers, and are badly cut up. They had us flanked, and cut in two more than once, but what is left of us, I hear, is yet together. The rebels fought like born devils...

Yours truly,

Alex J. Mullen,

Surg. 35th Indiana

September 28, 1863

The body of the lamented Colonel Baldwin has been recovered and is now in the hands of friends. His death was doubtless instantaneous, fifteen bullets piercing his body - showing how nobly he must have fallen, in the thickest of the fight. An officer now here, who was in the battle, informs us that Co. Baldwin was on his horse close by the flag, when the soldier bearing it was shot down; when, seeing the colors droop, the noble Colonel leaped from the saddle, and snatching them from the ground, was bearing them aloft, cheering on his men, and proudly waving defiance to the foe, when fifteen rebel bullets laid him low.

Capt. Samuel Russell of company D, 6th Indiana, is numbered among the fallen brave from our city, in the fight near Chattanooga (Chickamauga). He has been in the field ever since the war broke out, and an attaché of our office who served under him for nearly a year testifies to his bravery in battle and his devotion to his men. He was unmarried.

Research conducted by the Jefferson County Civil War Roundtable.